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直播回放 移民女性的劳动市场参与―来自低女性劳动率国家的实证 Labor Force Participation of Married Female Immigrants in a Low Female-LFPR Host Country: Evidence from Japan
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1.演讲题目:移民女性的劳动市场参与―来自低女性劳动率国家的实证

Topic: Labor Force Participation of Married Female Immigrants in a Low Female-LFPR Host Country: Evidence from Japan

2.演讲嘉宾:

刘洋,独立行政法人经济产业研究所(日本)任研究员,并在该研究所担任 “劳动力短缺社会中外国人就业与技术创新相关课题的实证研究”课题组组长,京都大学经济学博士。研究方向为劳动经济学,包括人力资本,移民,工资,劳动市场等。专著有《China’s Urban Labor Market(京都大学学术出版社&香港大学出版社)等。

Speaker: 

Liu Yang is Researcher of Research Institute of Economy, Trade & Industry (Japan), the leader of the research group "Empirical Research on Employment and Technological Innovation of Foreigners in a Society with Labor Shortage" and Ph.D. in Economics from Kyoto University. Her research interests are labor economics, including human capital, immigration, wages, labor market, etc. She has published China's Urban Labor Market (Kyoto University Academic Press & Hong Kong University Press).

3. 演讲摘要:

全球很多国家为应对劳动力短缺问题,采取了大量引入移民的政策,其中,女性移民的劳动市场参与问题受到关注。此前,已有很多研究探讨了美国等拥有较高女性劳动率的国家。本研究转向关注女性劳动率较低的国家,采用日本的人口普查个体数据。结果表明,虽然日本的社会机制和文化传统不利于女性参与劳动市场,但是,女性移民在日本长期居住后,劳动市场参与率没有降低,反而显著升高。在控制了学历,年龄,家庭情况等一般变量的同时,我们引入了母国文化的两个代理变量,结果显示,文化的代理变量对移民女性劳动参与有显著影响。在女性劳动率较低的国家里,对移民劳动市场参与率的影响中,经济同化的影响为正,文化同化的影响为负的情况下,劳动率的上升显示了文化同化的影响大于经济同化的影响。同时可以推测,比起外部环境,自身文化对女性劳动参与率的影响更大。

Abstract:

Unlike previous studies on high female-labor force participation rate (LFPR) host countries, this study presents some of the first evidence on LFPR of married female immigrants by focusing on immigrants in a low female-LFPR host country, Japan. The result indicates that the wife’s and husband’s source-country culture have significant effects on immigrant women’s work; this effect is greater for the wife than it is for the husband. Furthermore, even though in a low female-LFPR host country, controlling for other factors, female migrant LFPRs are higher after five years than the initial year, thus explaining the birth-country culture’s persistent role.


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