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直播回放 China's Domestic and External Economic Challenges/中国面临的国内外经济挑战
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Speaker: David Dollar is a senior fellow in the China Center at the Brookings Institution and host of the Dollar & Sense podcast on international trade. He is a leading expert on Asian economies and U.S. relations with Asia. His most recent book is China 2049, co-authored with economists from Peking University. From 2009 to 2013 he was the U.S. Treasury's economic and financial emissary to China, based in Beijing. Before his time at Treasury, Dollar worked at the World Bank for 20 years.  He was the country economist for Vietnam during 1989-1995, a period of intense reform and adjustment.  From 1995 to 2004, Dollar worked in the World Bank’s research department and published articles on trade and growth, economic reform in the developing world, and aid effectiveness. From 2004 to 2009 he was country director for China and Mongolia. Prior to his World Bank career, Dollar was an assistant professor of economics at UCLA, spending a semester in Beijing teaching at the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.  He has a PhD in economics from NYU and a BA in Asian studies from Dartmouth College.  

Abstract: China's economy is rebounding faster than other G20 economies and is set for healthy, 8% growth in 2021. But in the medium to long term China faces daunting domestic and external challenges. David Dollar will discuss the main challenges and potential reforms to overcome them.  China faces difficult demographics with the working age population set to decline and the elderly population growing rapidly - both a social and an economic challenge. A second domestic challenge is growing financial risk because the growth model has relied overly on investment while innovation has lagged. These domestic issues are compounded by a difficult external environment of slow global growth, tensions with trade partners, and weakening institutions that govern global trade and investment.    


主讲人:David Dollar(杜大伟),布鲁金斯学会中国中心资深研究员,国际贸易话题播客节目“Dollar & Sense”的主持人,亚洲经济及美国与亚洲关系研究领域的领军人物。他的最新著作是《中国2049》,与北京大学经济学者合著2009 年至 2013 年间,曾于北京任职美国财政部驻华经济与金融特使。在此之前,曾在世界银行工作20年:1989至1995年,担任世行负责越南的首席经济学家,这期间越南正在进行集中的改革和调整1995至2004年,任职于世行发展研究局,期间在贸易增长、发展中国家经济改革和援助有效性等领域发表了大量论著;2004至2009年,担任世行中国和蒙古局局长。在加盟世行之前,杜先生是加州大学洛杉矶分校经济学的副教授,并在北京中国社会科学院研究生院担任一学期的客座教授。他在纽约大学获得经济学博士学位,在达特茅斯学院获得亚洲研究的学士学位。

摘要:与其他G20经济体相比,中国的经济复苏更为强劲,政府设定2021年将实现8%的健康增长。但是从中长期来看,中国经济面临着严峻的国内外挑战。杜大伟先生在此次讲座中将探讨中国面临的主要挑战及可能应对的改革措施。中国面临着严重的人口问题——工作年龄人口减少,人口老龄化加速,这既是社会问题,也是经济问题;另一个来自国内的挑战是金融风险增加,原因在于中国的经济增长模型过分依赖投资而创新不足。这些国内问题因全球增长缓慢、与贸易伙伴关系紧张以及管理全球贸易和投资的机构不断削弱等艰难的外部环境而变得更加复杂。


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